Docker Postgresql installation quickly

Task introduction

1.1. Docker Installation
2. Find the mirror
3. Download the mirror
4. View the mirror
5. Create a container and run it through mirroring
6. Delete the container and create a data directory for host mapping postgres
7. Check the status of the postgres container
8, enter the postgres container
9. Connection test outside the container-Complete port mapping so that external machines can access the database in the virtual machine
10. Other linking methods